The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a respected and heralded annual report designed to raise awareness and trigger action to reduce hunger throughout the world by comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger globally, regionally and by country. Begun in 2006 and released annually by Concern in partnership with the International Food and Policy Research Institute and Welthungerhilfe, it is also aimed at increasing understanding of regional and country differences in the struggle against hunger.
To reflect the multidimensional nature of hunger, the GHI combines the following four indicators into one index:
- Undernourishment: the proportion of undernourished people (with insufficient caloric intake) as a percentage of the population.
- Child Wasting: the proportion of children under the age of five who suffer from wasting—that is, low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition.
- Child Stunting: the proportion of children under the age of five who suffer from stunting—that is, low height for their age, reflecting chronic undernutrition.
- Child Mortality: the mortality rate of children under the age of five (partially reflecting the fatal synergy of inadequate nutrition and unhealthy environments.)
The scores are based on source data that are continuously revised by the United Nations agencies that compile them.
In September 2015, global leaders pledged themselves to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, a political manifesto that commits us all to ending poverty and hunger forever. The 2018 Global Hunger Index report, jointly published by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Concern Worldwide, and Welthungerhilfe (WHH), shows that despite the global hunger dropping by 27 per cent in the last 15 years, the United Nations looks likely to fail in reaching the target to have hunger eradicated by 2030. The level of hunger globally remains distressingly high: new data from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations revealed the number of undernourished people in the world increased in 2016 by 38 million to 815 million. The report places a particular spotlight on the Central African Republic, where around half its citizens are undernourished, as being the only country in the GHI’s most severe category of “extremely alarming” – a level no country has fallen to since 2014.
The Global Hunger Index has received several national and international awards. In 2013, it received Gold in Europe’s largest award for corporate media. The jury said the GHI sets the standard for reports in the non-profit area as it is credible, authentic and its scientific contents are always intelligible to all.
Other awards include:
- BCP Best of Corporate Publishing 2013: Gold Award for Global Hunger Index 2012
- BCP Best of Corporate Publishing 2012: Silver Award for Global Hunger Index 2011
- 2013 ARC Award Gold: The International Competition Honoring Excellence in Annual Reports in Humanitarian Aid Category
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2011/2012: Grand Winner – Best Annual Reports – Europe
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2011/2012: Gold Winner – Annual Reports – Overall Presentation – Non-Profit – Human Welfare
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2010/2011: Grand Winner – Best Annual Reports – Europe
- Mercury Excellence Awards 2009/2010: Silver Winner – Annual Reports – Overall Presentation – Non-Profit – Human Welfare
- League of American Communication Professionals: 2010 Vision Awards: Annual Reports Competition: Platinum Award
- League of American Communication Professionals: 2010/2011 Vision Awards: Top100 Annual Reports Worldwide: 42th place